Nile River Valley Webquest

Task:
You will be traveling back in time to Ancient  Egypt.  As you travel you will discover how Ancient Egyptian civilization emerged in the Nile River Valley and learn about Ancient Egyptian culture.  Your task is to complete the webquest questions and complete the activities/games that will be found on the ODYSSEY web sites you visit.

Egyptian civilization originated over 5,000 years ago in the Nile River Valley.  The Greek historian Herodotus called Egypt "the gift of the Nile".  Why is Egypt considered to be a gift from the Nile?  Click Mysteries of Egypt to find out.

The most important geographic feature in Egypt is the Nile River.  Explore this link and describe 4 ways that the Ancient Egyptians depended on the Nile River for its existence.

The Ancient Egyptians lived along narrow strips of land near the Nile River, the longest river in the world. The land surrounding the Nile is 90% desert, part of the great Sahara Desert.  You can see how close to the Nile the cities developed.

The annual flooding of the Nile deposited nutrient rich silt on the land, creating all the ingredients needed to support life and allow people to establish communities around the Nile River.  One community sprang up in the North (Lower Egypt) near the mouth of the Nile and another developed in the South (Upper Egypt) near the source of the Nile.  Around 3100 BC Upper & Lower Egypt were united.  Who was the king that united Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt?  Explain why this unification could be considered the single most important event in Egyptian history?  View this link to find out.

The unification of Upper and Lower Egypt brought about the period in Egyptian history known as the Old Kingdom.  It is during this time that the Egyptian Kings were called pharaohs.  Describe the 3 types of burial tombs of the pharaohs.  What was the importance of mummification to the burial process?  Click on this link to learn more about mummification.  What was the purpose of "The Book of the Dead"?  What spells did you choose?  Who were you joined with at the end of your trials?

During the Old Kingdom, the only surviving of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, the Great Pyramid, was built.  When, where, and who built this ancient wonder?

Other pyramids were built in the area of the Great Pyramid.  Although there is still some question regarding the actual construction date, another monument was built as the guardian of the pyramids.  What guarded the pyramids?  What is believed to have happened to the nose of the guardian?  Which pharaoh do you think resembles this guardian?

What do we really know about the lives of the Ancient Egyptians?  List 3 details describing the Transportation, Clothing, and Homes of the Ancient Egyptians.

The Ancient Egyptians established a social hierachy.  These social groupings are depicted in sculpture and paintings that illustrate scenes of rituals and everyday life.  The Pharaoh was at the top of the social pyramid and the slaves were at the bottom.  Take a look at the social pyramid and answer the questions on your worksheet.

Religion guided every aspect of Egyptian life.  Using the following link, Ancient Egyptian Religion, answer the questions on your worksheet.

The Ancient Egyptians had many stories concerning the creation of the universe.  Click on the Egyptian Creation Myth Picture (right) to read about one of the stories and then answer the questions on your worksheet. (Note: Give each picture time to load completely before you advance.)

The earliest form of Egyptian writing is known as hieroglyphics.  Click on this 5 letter heroglyph to learn more about hieroglyphics and Decode the hieroglyph.

Egyptian Pharaohs often had their names written on cartouches. A cartouche is an elliptical outline representing a length of rope that encloses the names of royal persons in hieroglyphs. It symbolized the pharaoh's status as ruler of all that the sun encircled.  Click on this cartouche and write your name in hieroglyphics, print it and attach to your worksheet.

The ability to read hieroglyphs was lost until an amazing clue was discovered in 1799!  What was discovered and why was it useful?

What other types of writing did the ancient Egyptians use?  What type of river reed did the Ancient Egyptians use for writing?  What were  3 other uses for this plant?  Click the Mysteries of Egypt to find out.

There were many pharaohs that ruled in Ancient Egypt.  We will only have time to study a few of the most famous.

Hatshepsut (1473-1458 B.C.) wore male attire, a beard, and is the only queen of Egypt to be recognized as a pharaoh.  Click on this link, and list 3 improvements in the life of Ancient Egyptians which took place during the her reign.  What other first was Hatshepsut known for?  Click this link to find out.
 
 

King Tutankhamun (1333-1323 BC), the "Boy King" began his rule in Egypt when he was only a child and was dead by the age of 18.  However, because of the discovery of his tomb, in the Valley of the Kings, King Tut is one of the most famous of the Egyptian Pharaohs.  Answer the questions on your worksheet by clicking The Curse.  To take  a virtual tour of collections from King Tut's Tomb visit the Tour Egypt site.
Rameses II (1279-1212 BC), a.k.a "The Great", ruled Egypt for 67 years.  His most notable accomplishment was his extensive building program.  There are more monuments, obelisks, & temples built by Rameses II than any other pharaoh, some of which he actually had built and others he simply claimed by adding his cartouche to them. Rameses II is considered, by most, to be the pharaoh who freed the Hebrews from Egyptian bondage.  To learn more about Rameses II and to answer the questions on your worksheet click on this link.

If you would like to learn more about the Valley of the Kings, click on this Virtual Museum-Tours site.

You are now finished with your webquest.
Did you find & play the games below?
Find the Pharaoh's Fragment Game
Lotus Game
Read the CT Scan Game
Amulet Matching Game
Papyrus Puzzler Game
If not, go back and play!!!!!
 
Back To T. Bentley's Homepage

 
Revision of Webquest created by Gail M. Szeliga, Cheryl T. Naslund, and Elizabeth Scalicione From Union Endicott High School.